How to Write an Annotated Bibliography: Top 27 Effective Tips and Guidelines
What is an annotated bibliography?
It is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a descriptive and evaluative paragraph.
To learn how to write Bibliography, you need to understand the various types and formats of writing a bibliography. Moreover, you need to know why you must include a bibliography in your assignment.
Perhaps you think writing a bibliography is a difficult task.
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1.Why do You Need an Annotated Bibliography?
Some of the reasons you will be required to write a bibliography include:
- To demonstrate, you have found useful sources that relate to your research work.
- To list and describe your sources that provide background information about your topic.
- To explore the subject for further research.
- Let your reader have an idea of the content of the publication.
Include the following features in your annotation;
- His/her qualification and achievements.
- Purpose/Objective. Why did the author write it?
- How deep is the coverage?
- How did the author want to influence the target reader?
- What approach did the author use?
- Did the author refer to other sources?
- How did the author conclude?
- How it relates to other work on a topic.
- Your viewpoint towards them.
2.How to write an Annotated Bibliography
First, you need to understand the general tips for writing a BibliographyThe general tips are:
- Your annotation style must be based on your professor’s instructions and requirements.
- Complete your Bibliography with complete sentences or as phrases.
- Write an annotation for each source.
- Evaluate the sources found and write down impressions and necessary ideas.
- Include full citation data based on a specific citation format.
- Mention the author’s name.
- Write down the book title and the year of publishing.
- Specify the subject of the book
- Describe why the source has to do with your paper.
- Keep track of your research material.
Before you write your Bibliography, do the following:
- Evaluate the scope of the resources to be used for research and included them as entries.
- Research and retrieve all the necessary material.
- Evaluate each source found. Then jot down important ideas impressions.
- Provide full citation data according to a specific citation format.
Once you complete the above, writing down the sources becomes easy and straightforward. However, you still have to write source summaries, which are a bit challenging. Tips on how to write a summary are:
- Write down 1 or 2 sentences that describe the source addressed by the Bibliography.
- Write down a sentence that explains the methodology used by the author, the type of sources used, and details regarding the source’s organization.
- Write a sentence that explains the relevance of the source to the topic.
There are various writing bibliography writing styles. They include:
3.APA Style Format
When formatting an annotated bibliography in APA style, include the following:
- Use a hanging indent for the citation. This means the first line begins even with the left margin. All the lines that follow are to be indented 4 spaces from the left margin.
- Indent the annotation’s summary as a block of text, two spaces further from the left margin than the citation’s subsequent lines.
Here is an example of APA style annotated Bibliography:
Johnson, J. (2002).New Age Culture. New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.
4.MLA Style Format
To format your annotated bibliography in MLA style:
- Use a hanging indent for the citation. This means the first line must begin even the left margin. Also, Indent the lines that follow four spaces from the left margin.
- The summary of the annotation is flush with the left margin and is not indented.
- The entries of the Bibliography are double-spaced.
Here is an example of MLA style annotated Bibliography:
Linsey, M. Parrots. New York, NY: Routledge, 2012. Print.
5.Chicago Style Format
When using this type of style,
- Double-space all text.
- Indent every summary paragraph with the help of the tab key
- On the top right of the page, place page numbers beginning with the first page after page.
- Input all entries for references with a hanging indent.
- Use a font that can easily be read.
An example of Chicago annotated bibliography:
Carson, Craig G., 2007. The History of the USA. Washington, D. C.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
With this information on writing an annotated bibliography, you can now write a well-written and informative bibliography to accompany your assignment. Make sure to contact our experts if you find it challenging to write a bibliography. We are ready and happy to assist you with your academic work.