1. Executive summary • Marketing Problem Introduce a new wig distributor to the Viennese market. • Purpose of Research Project The purpose of the research is to find out if there is potential growth for a wig business in Vienna, and what kind of wigs are the most demanded. • Method Primary research will be focused on understanding the needs and wishes of our major target group- religious Jewish women, secondary research will be focused on our positioning against competitors on the Viennese market. Qualitative Research The purpose of the qualitative research is to collect, analyze and interpret data by focus groups, which also include samples from wig collection to figure out the preferences of our main target group. • Quantitative Research In our quantitative research the main aspect of consideration was the questionnaire that we distributed in main community centers (Beit- Halevi, Jewish Heritage Centre of Lauder Business School, Sephardic Centre and Main Synagogue of Vienna). • Qualitative analysis This topic is mainly about analysis of the focus group and finding out the results from it, analyzing them. Quantitative data analysis conclusion 6 With the result of our questionnaire and the comparisons with other data, we were able to reach precise results. • Final analysis and results After all the collected data and its results, we have managed to find out the result of our research. • Conclusion and recommendations Here we make recommendations and a final conclusion on the wig demand in Vienna, preferences of our main target group, how should our service look like and the growth potential of wig business industry in Europe in the role of new distributors. Appendix A – Questionnaire This appendix has the complete questionnaire, which our respondents answered. • Appendix B – Questionnaire in Hebrew This appendix has the Hebrew questionnaire, which our respondents answered. 2. Statement of research purpose and objective 2. 1. Marketing problem 2. 1. 1. Marketing research Problem: The purpose of this marketing research project is to find out whether the wig business has any growth potential in Vienna. We would like to find out who could be our immediate customers and who could be our potential customers.
We are looking to see if we currently have any competition in this industry in Vienna and what are the chances of there being further competition in the future. Additionally, we will try to figure out what is the market price for the 7 wig industry and adjust our products to the market price. We aim to study and understand how to make marketing research for the potential growth of the wig industry in Vienna. 2. 1. 2. Marketing decision Problem: For our marketing research project, we want to unravel the question of whether or not the wig industry has any growth potential in Vienna, Austria.
This question will require us to answer more than one marketing question regarding this dilemma. Firstly, according to the current state of our research we do not have any specific knowledge/information regarding the demand for wigs in Vienna, Austria, amongst different groups of customers. Secondly, we do not have concrete knowledge regarding our possible competitors in the wig market. In addition to that, as of the current situation we do not have any specific targets for the prices we would like to charge for our wigs and the preferences of our main target group. . 2. Purpose of research project In China there is a manufacturer of wigs called ‘Sarah Wigs’, and we would like to be its distributors in Europe. Our first milestone is Vienna, Austria. We want to conduct an exploratory research first of all in order to know the potential growth of the wig business in Vienna, Austria and then in case we get positive results- we will be able to open up a chain of wig store all over Europe and get profits from this business.
Research Questions we will have to answer : • • • How large scaled is market and demand for our product? Who are our potential customers? How large is demand on our product in Vienna? How can we find out there age, gender, respect of income and their willingness to pay for our product? 8 • • • • • What are the prices we should be charging for our wigs? Will it be profitable for us? What are the main types of wigs preferred by Jewish religious women living in Austria? How should our service look like? What could be the potential demand for wigs in the future?
Who are our competitors in a given market and how can we predict the level of sales we should expect over the next five years? 9 3. Research design and methodology 3. 1. Secondary research Before conducting primary research we needed to conduct secondary research. We divided secondary research into three parts. First we would gather information from the internet (from blogs, web-sites, discussions) and try to analyze general priorities, characteristics and values of Kosher wigs’ consumers who are married orthodox Jewish women.
We knew it would be a great challenge to find out precise and accurate information about the demand and uses amongst married orthodox Jewish women who are also Viennese residents from the worldwide web, but still we knew that the information even if not 100% accurate and even though not going into much detail would be helpful for us to see what the demand for kosher wigs in Vienna is. We needed to have enough knowledge about kosher wigs’ consumers as well as about the rules and obligations according to the Jewish Halakha law.
We found out that the Halakha law is the same for every married Orthodox Jewish woman, no matter of her place of residence, to cover one’s hair after getting married. Only after finding out some general information we would narrow our research and specifically focus on consumer behavior in kosher wigs’ market in Vienna. We would like to gather information from already existing wig companies located in Vienna. However, once again because the field of research is very narrow we had to research a lot and at the same time be very specific and accurate on what our research target was.
For this reason we decided to contact Jon Renau an international wig company located in Vienna which provides kosher wigs/Sheitel with Kosher certification under the Bedatz Hecksher from the Bais Din of Rabbi Gross in Eretz Yisroel. Our third step would be to conduct an experimental research in a given wig company and observe the natural consumer behavior during natural circumstances. Our main research 10 question was to find out the current demand for kosher wigs in Vienna, Austria at present.
We also wanted to find out the characteristics of the most desired and purchased wigs (paying a close attention to quality, length, and type amongst other things). We further wanted to find out what is the average price consumers are willing to pay for kosher wigs. The main advantage of this kind of secondary research was that we would be able to gain reliable data from an already existing company and we would be able to use this data figures to plan for the future when it comes to our company. First as planned we gathered information from internet web-sites and blogs about Kosher wigs.
We wanted first to find out what is the primary concern for a married orthodox Jewish woman wearing a wig. As we found out the main concern for consumers is to have the certified proof that the wigs are manufactured under rabbinic supervision according to Halakha law and that the wigs do not contain any Indian hair in them. We also wanted to find out the general attitude of a married orthodox Jewish woman towards wigs and correspondingly her willingness to pay for it. As we found out Jewish women don’t find wigs as a luxury but as a requirement and obligation required by the Jewish religion.
For this reason Jewish women don’t find wigs as a luxury but as a pure obligation and requirement to properly observe their religion. For this reason their average willingness to pay for natural wigs is high and on average ranges from 900-1200 Euros. After secondary research would be gathered from the internet we decided to conduct secondary research from real businesses, from an already experienced wig company located in Vienna which specifically focuses on providing kosher wigs to married orthodox Jewish women living in Vienna. Taking into consideration all these facts we chose the Jon Renau company.
Jon Renau is a family owned business that has become an international leading manufacturer of wigs, hairpieces, hair additions and hair extensions. We visited one of the 11 main representative offices of Jon Renau, which is located in Vienna. We contacted Andrew, the store manager, through his Rabbi- Rabbi Wolf and asked the following questions: 1. What percentages of your total sales are the sales of kosher wigs? Andrew told us the following: “When we were opening representative office in Vienna we thought that demand for specifically Kosher Wigs wouldn’t be high taking consideration the small population of Jewish married women in Vienna.
However nowadays according to our analysis on average 200-300 wigs are sold monthly to people living in Vienna out of which up to 30 are Kosher wigs. On Average it’s 10 % of our income and considering the small population demand turns out to be high. ” 2. What the mostly desired characteristics of the purchased wigs are? Andrew said that it is very hard to answer this question because even in this narrow field taste is very different. However, he said that 60% of women purchasing kosher wigs prefer European natural hair, and the favorite colors are black and brown. 3.
What is the average price a married orthodox Jewish woman is willing to pay for a wig? According to their statistics on average women are willing to pay 800 Euros and more, depending on the type of hair used, length, color and where the wig was manufactured. 3. 2. Qualitative research – focus group 3. 1. 1. General We conducted one focus group to collect our qualitative research data. There were eight women who attended and took part in the focus group. Our focus group was recorded and consisted of a number of open-ended questions. 3. 1. 1. 1. Group selection The selection of our members was based on the following criterion: 12 • •
Gender, they all had to be women Age, we wanted to have a wide range of ages. Anything from 18 years old to 75 years old. • • • Religion, they all had to be orthodox Jews City of residence, they all had to be Viennese residence English speakers, as we will conduct the focus group in English thus all participants have to speak English. 3. 1. 2. Place Due to a lack of budget, we had to be quite strict with our expenditure costs and thus decided to limit the cost expenditures for the conduction of the focus group to an amount of no more than €500. This meant that we could spend up to €200 on a place to hold the event of the focus group.
Knowing that all the women who would attend the focus group would be married orthodox Jewish women, we had to choose a modest (not too fancy) place where we could provide kosher refreshments. Hence, we conducted the focus group in the Lauder Business School Mensa, where we provided light refreshments and soft drinks. 3. 1. 2. 1. Asked questions The majority of the questions asked were open-ended questions. This will allow our participants to voice their opinion and have discussions with us and the other members participating. We will be asking the following question during our focus group. 1.
Tell us a little bit about yourself? 2. How many wigs do you own and how often do you wear them? 3. What is your preferred color of a wig? Why is it preferred? 4. What do you consider a good quality wig and what types of hair do you like for your wig? 13 5. Where do you usually purchase a wig, and why? 6. What is the average price you are paying for a wig and what influences your decision? 7. Will the fact that the company is donating 10% of its revenues to a charitable organization influence your purchasing decision? 8. Which wig from our samples did you like the most, and which the least. Explain why? 9.
Will you consider buying a wig from us- ‘Sarah Wigs’ in the future, and if so how much would you pay for this. 3. 3. Sampling plan In the beginning of the project we faced a decision upon what sampling methods to use. We decided to use cluster sampling (probability samples) for our questionnaire and convenience sampling (nonprobability samples) for our focus group. Cluster sampling: this type of sampling first divides the targeted population into subpopulations. We took our Viennese Jewish population and divided it into three subpopulations where we were mostly likely to encounter orthodox Jewish married women.
We divided our population into the following subpopulations: • • Jewish ethno groups – according to synagogues Jewish schools in Vienna – where mothers pick their children up Convenience sampling: this form of sampling obtains a sample from convenient elements. This means that participants are selected because they fit the criterion of those people who we seek to obtain information from. We used this form of sampling for our focus group and approached the women in places where we know they are most likely to be orthodox Jewish married women. 14 3. 4.
Data collection instrument To answer the main questions we had in our project proposal plan we came up with a questionnaire and a list of questions for our focus group. These questions had to answer our four main questions from the proposal but even more so in further depth. Our four main questions in the project proposal were as follows: 1. Who are our potential customers? 2. What is the current demand for wigs in Vienna, Austria? 3. What are the prices we should be charging for our wigs? 4. What could be the potential demand for our wigs in the future?
We conducted a questionnaire to answer these questions in more depth and detail. The purpose of the questionnaire was to answer the following questions: 1. Do you live in Vienna? This will answer our questions about roughly how many customer we will have in Vienna, as we will open our store in Vienna. 2. What is your age? This will be helpful for our general information about our potential customer. 3. Which ethno religious group do you belong to? This will answer our question about what ethno groups are residing in Vienna and if these ethno groups are the ones who pay much emphasis to the wig wearing Halakha law. . Which movement do you belong to? This will answer our question about what streams of Judaism do those potential customer who are residing in Vienna belong to and if these Jewish streams are the ones who pay much emphasis to the wig wearing Halakha law. 5. Have you ever used a wig? 15 6. Why not? These two questions above will allow us to see if this individual is a potential customer for us. 7. Do you own a wig? 8. Why not? These two questions above will allow us to know which individuals are potential clients and which are not. 9. How many wigs do you own?
This will allow us to have a rough estimate of what the demand for wigs will be. 10. How often do you purchase a new wig? Here we will answer our question of what is the frequency in which these women purchase new wigs. 11. How often do you use wigs? Here we will be able to see who will be a more frequent customer and who will be an occasional customer, as a woman who will tell us that she uses her wig on a daily basis is one who is likely to purchase new wigs more frequently, whilst a woman who tells us that she rarely uses her wigs is one that is less likely to be a frequent potential customer of ours. 2. What color of wig do you prefer? This will answer our question regarding the preferences in the colors of wigs that our potential customers will have. We will be able to know what colors are most favorable amongst our potential customer group and thus assist us in knowing what products we should supply and more or less in what quantities. 13. What type of hair do you prefer? 16 Likewise, this will answer our question regarding the preferences in the type of hair for the wigs that our potential customers will want.
We will be able to know what hair type is most favorable amongst our potential customer group and thus assist us in knowing what hair type wigs we should supply and more or less in what quantities. 14. What types of wigs do you mostly own? This question will once more give us further in-depth regarding the preferences of the types and styles of wigs that our potential customers like the most and will assist us in knowing what wigs we should supply at our store, once opened. 15. What is an average price of your currently owned wigs? ( in €) This question will allow us to know the average price we should charge for our average wig. 6. What is your net family annual income( in €) This will further give us insight about the abilities of our potential customers. We will be able to see roughly what socioeconomic group we are dealing with and thus adjust the products we supply accordingly. 17. Where did you buy these wigs? This question will allow us to see who our main competitors are which will allow us to further investigate and after investigation plan a means to provide our potential customers greater satisfaction than they currently get from our competitors. 18. Have you ever heard of our company?
This question will allow us to see how many of the potential customers know about us and about the service we plan on providing. It will allow us to see how much marketing we need to do, where and to whom. 19. Where did you hear about it? 17 This will allow us to see in which places we are already known and in which places we are not yet known. 20. Will the fact that a company is donating tithe from every sold wig influence your purchasing decision? This question will answer a few matters of interest that we have in finding out. • Firstly, it will give us further in-depth into how we need to conduct our marketing campaign. Secondly, it will allow us to promote ourselves to our potential customers and future potential customers by creating an image of our company, as a company who does charitable work and so on and so forth. 21. What would you expect from your new wig? This will answer our question of what are the main expectations our potential customers have from purchasing a wig and thus allow us to meet these criterions. The purpose of the focus group was to answer the following questions: 1. Tell us a little bit about yourself? Find out a bit more about our potential customers; get some more insight to their personal life, religious life, etc.
Get insight into what ethno religious group do they belong, what religious stream do they fellow and so on and so forth. This will answer our question about what ethno groups are residing in Vienna and if these ethno groups are the ones who pay much emphasis to the wig wearing Halakha law. 2. How many wigs do you own and how often do you wear them? Here we will be able to see who will be a more frequent customer and who will be an occasional customer, as a woman who will tell us that she uses her wig on a daily basis is one who is likely to purchase new wigs more frequently, whilst a woman who tells us that 8 she rarely uses her wigs is one that is less likely to be a frequent potential customer of ours. (We acknowledge the fact that different ethno religious groups have different frequency usage, part of the time they may wear a wig and part of the time they may use headgears) With regards to the part of the question concerning the quantity of wigs they own, this will allow us to have a rough estimate of what the demand for wigs will be. We will also be able to see the frequency in which these women purchase new wigs. 3. What is your preferred color of a wig?
Why is it preferred? This will answer our question regarding the preferences in the colors of wigs that our potential customers have. We will also be able to generate information about underlying reasons of the preferences of our main target group. This will assist us in knowing what products we should supply and more or less in what quantities. 4. What do you consider to be a good quality wig and what types of hair do you like for your wig? This will allow us to have further insight regarding what quality are our potential customer looking for when purchasing their wigs.
What criterion do our wigs need to meet in order for them to consider it to be a good quality wig. With regards to the second part of the question this will help us to understand the preferences in the type of hair mostly demanded. 5. Where do you purchase your wigs? Please specify the name of the store, the name of the website, the name of the magazine, or the name of the factory from where you order it, and why? This will give us information about who our main competitors are and what competitive advantages do they have. 10.
What is the average price you are paying for a wig and what influences your decision? 19 This will give us insight about what are the prices our potential customers are willing to pay for a wig and thus will allow us to adjust our pricing accordingly. 6. Will the fact that the company is donating 10% of its revenues to a charitable organization influence your purchasing decision? This question will answer a few matters of interest that we have in finding out. • Firstly, it will give us further in-depth into how we need to conduct our marketing campaign. Secondly, it will allow us to promote ourselves to our potential customers and future potential customers by creating an image of our company, as a company who does charitable work and so on and so forth. 7. Which wig did you like the most and which of the wigs did you like the least? Please, explain why. After providing the sample wigs to our focus group members, we will able to have a better understanding of the priorities our target group has. 8. Would you consider buying a wig from us (Sara’s Wigs) in the future and if so how much would you pay for this wig?
This will show us how many potential customers we in actuality have. This will give us insight about what are the prices our potential customers are willing to pay for a wig and thus will allow us to adjust our pricing accordingly. The last two questions were presented to our participants after having shown the sample of our wigs. 3. 5. Experimental research The main purpose of our experimental research was to observe consumer behavior and find out if the kosher wig market business is profitable in Vienna. Thanks to the Jon Renau 20
Company and their extremely kind store manager, Andrew we were able to conduct this experiment for one month. Our experiment was of such a nature: • For one month we observed consumer behavior with which we were able to answer following questions: ? On average how many kosher wigs are sold in a month? ? What are average monthly profits that the company makes? ? What wigs do customers like best? ? What wigs do customers like least? We observed that out of 280 wigs sold in a given month 27 were kosher wigs. The profits made from these 27 wigs amounted to 24,400 Euros. 8 wigs purchased were European manufactured ones, and most desired colors were black, brown and blond. Surprisingly to us the most desired length of wigs was short and customer ages ranged between 23-50 years old. This experiment was extremely advantageous to us as we were able to observe consumer behavior in a natural environment without any artificial questions to which people had to think and answer theoretically. 3. 6. Data collection and data entry In order to make more in-depth marketing research we had to do secondary research as well as primary research.
Secondary research was divided in two parts. • First we searched for general information and opinion about what are the main concerns and characteristics of Kosher wigs in Internet (from blogs and web-sites) • Only after that we narrowed our research and focused on one specific company who sells kosher wigs in Vienna. After secondary research we conducted primary research and also divided it into two parts; qualitative and quantitative. We conducted focus groups where we used non- 21 representative (convenience sample).
We specifically chose married Jewish orthodox women who would discuss their opinions and concerns and give us sufficient information to help us see what the demand for kosher wigs in Vienna, Austria is. In quantitative research we used cluster sampling. In our research we applied the following types of research methods: • Secondary research ? Information gathering from already existing sources ? Experimental research • Primary research ? Survey ? Focus Group 22 4. Data analysis and results 4. 1. Qualitative data analysis & results • Is there a demand for a new wig store in Vienna?
According to our focus group we have seen that our main target group, Jewish religious women are greatly interested in a new wig distributor in Vienna. Due to the fact that covering one’s head in Jewish religion is both – a Torah commandment and a tradition, the percentage of women wearing wigs is very high among all Jewish religious women, namely Ashkenazi Jews and some Sephardic. For instance, after conducting a focus group we understood that a lot of different aged women are ready to purchase wigs for themselves and their daughters, cousins, and sisters , etc. and that there is a demand for a shop offering kosher certified wigs. However, the exceptional cases comprised low- class women, which thought our prices to be too high. Low-class women thought there is no need for a new wig distributor in Vienna, they didn’t like our price ranges and claimed that there are already stores offering wigs, and moreover it is much cheaper to order wigs online. Even after suggesting that we would like our price to include 10% “mesuda”- donations to poor children and orphanages, they were not willing to pay €1200 for a wig, a price of wig charged by our suppliers, the company ‘Sarah Wigs’ in China.
We explain it with two reasons. First of all, donations are obligatory in Jewish religion, and a person should anyways donate 10% of his income to charity, so there is no need for our suggestion to those people who are scarce of monetary resources. Secondly, religious life can be sometimes very expensive, including higher costs on kosher food, maintenance of a lot of children, costs on accommodation in the Jewish districts. Therefore, low-class families cannot afford purchasing a wig for this price. However after watching sample wigs we offered they agreed the quality to be 23 ood, and admitted they would like to receive such kind of a wig as a present. Since our target group is initially middle-class and wealthy women it would be a challenge assessing them. Surprisingly, we found out which kind of service our potential customers would like to experience. In order to understand the psychology of these women, we should look inside the traditions and rules of life according to which these people have been living almost for 6000 years. They are very modest and extremely conservative. While the conversation they complained about the lack of privacy in the wig stores.
For instance, some of them consider showing their hair among other women as something of an immodest behavior. So one of their wishes was to have a private service in a wig store, where they could feel comfortable and try all the variety of wigs. However some of them didn’t have problems with trying out wigs in a common hall. General reception of our sample wigs was very good. Independently of the age, annual income and ethno religious group, they liked the quality of our wigs. They liked the type of hair used, how naturally they looked, and the way they are made, the material used inside.
In conclusion, our focus group and the reaction to the samples provided indicate that there is a demand for a new wig distributor in Vienna, offering one-to-one service. • What is the average age consumption in the market? And how much they are willing to pay? We described our main target group as Jewish religious women, but who is considered to be a woman in a Jewish religion. Is there any specific age when girls become women, and start covering their heads? After an extensive research conducted on our target group, we found out this is not about a specific age.
For instance, a girl becomes a woman after getting married, and since she is married covering her head is obligatory. Therefore, the average age consumption for 24 our product is 18 – 82, as 18 is considered the allowed age to get married in Judaism (YAAKOV, 2006) and 82 is the average age of death among women in Austria (Pavlov, n. d. ). Due to this fact, women of different ages participated in our focus groups. We found out that the demand for our product didn’t depend on the age, but rather on the income and social level of the family of this woman.
Our first focus group mostly consisted of women of a middle and high class, with annual income higher than €20,000. They were very surprised with the prices we offered for our wigs. When we showed them our sample wigs, they were willing to pay more than €1500. Our second group was quite intensive about pricing, and said their purchase decision depends highly on the purposes of their purchase. For instance, a lot of women have more than one wig. Purchasing a new wig for a special occasion, celebration or holiday is very popular.
Therefore, they were ready to pay more for a holiday wig. A holiday wig is the one usually with a natural hair, handmade and preferably a long one. Moreover, the fact that we are going to donate 10% of each wig bought to charity was perceived very positively by women of middle and high class. In a nutshell, we understood that for all the women the price is mostly connected with the hair type we use in our wigs, whether it is handmade, and its readiness to be worn. Surprisingly, we found out interesting moment in a consumer behavior of our main target group.
When a woman comes into a shop, she wants to see the final product, the wig ready-to-wear, which should be only adjusted with small details. • Which preferences do our customers have mostly? We noticed two main preferences our target group has with regards to the length of the wig and also the type/quality of the wig. 25 Surprisingly it was the opposite of what we were expecting. We were sure that the younger generation would prefer somewhat fashionable and longer wigs than the older generation (that would rather prefer stricter and shorter wigs).
However what we noticed was that the younger women prefer the strict and middle-length wig because they are going to be married or just have been married and they are still very excited about the idea of a wig, the meaning behind it (that a woman should show her real hair only to her husband because the hair is a very sensual thing). But the older women are more likely to purchase longer wigs with different haircuts because they would like to innovate with their style. For instance, they ate tired of the same image all their life.
About the type and the quality of the wig almost every woman in our focus groups agreed that it should be handmade and only natural hair. The style of the wig they prefer was quite different, but women were opened for innovations. Mostly all women are accustomed to wearing a wig with a bang, for it seems to be more natural. But nowadays we are living in the 21st century, there are more innovations with every passing day- women are expecting their new wig to look natural without a bang. Moreover, part of the women was at first hesitating about Asian hair we use but after we gave them our sample wigs for a trial, they changed their opinions.
In order to further create a positive image of our company, we need to think about some women- community events in which we will be able to demonstrate wigs to women who are still hesitating about the quality of the Asian hair. • How our service should look like? According to our focus group we came to several conclusions with regards to the service we should provide to our customers. On the one hand, our main goal is to ensure that our shop doesn’t contradict to any Torah commandments, Jewish laws and traditions.
The first and the most important thing for us would be to ensure that all wigs are kosher, that they don’t contain 26 Indian hair. Almost all women agreed that absence of kosher certificate on the wigs would influence their purchase decision greatly (they will not purchase it). The next thing would be to provide private room for women who do not feel comfortable trying wigs in the common hall. For instance, some of the women consider showing their natural hair even to other women immodest. Our staff members will also be only female, in order for all the women to feel convenient.
On the other hand, our target group will not only be satisfied with a purchase of a good quality wig. They don’t know how to treat their wigs in order for them to stay in the same shape they were bought. The women complained a lot about the “Internet shopping”, they felt being left alone after purchasing the wig. Therefore we are going to introduce the “buy and stay” concept. We will offer a ‘beauty salon’ service that will be specialized in taking care of wigs. ‘Sarah wigs’ will send one of their stylists that will be responsible for this specific service.
Right after the women chose a wig from our variety, the stylist will adjust it to her head. Afterwards a woman will be able to bring her wig for a wash, restyling, or any other required procedure. Of course the prices for the women, which purchased our wigs will be significantly reduced. With the help of this salon we will make our customers feel more secure. They will know that we are nearby and ready to help with any problem that might occur. In addition we decided to provide a 3-5 years guaranty for our wigs (the number of years will depend on the precise wig).
We want to do so because we see the scarcity of trust among our target group. 4. 2. Quantitative analysis and results With our data collection we gained answers to our research questions. The following information is the analysis of our questionnaire: 27 • Question 1: With the collected data we identified the percentage of women who are living in Vienna. As it seen in Table 1 and Figure 1, 97% are living currently in Vienna, and 3% are not. Do you live in Vienna? Frequency Vienna Valid not in Vienna Total 243 7 250 Percent 97 3 100 Table 1: living in Vienna
Figure 1: percentage of people who live in Vienna 28 • Question 2 In the following graph you can see the distribution of the responders by age: 15-25 years11%, 26-35 years- 20%, 36-45 years- 33% (the majority), 46-55 years- 22%, 56-65 years7%, 65+ years- 5%. With this information we can determine our target group, to which we will address our products. What is your age? Frequency 15-25 26-35 36-45 Valid 46-55 56-65 55+ Total Missing Total System 28 50 81 54 18 12 243 7 250 Percent 11 20 32 22 7 5 97 3 100 Table 2: age of respondents Figure 2: age of respondents 29 • Question 3:
In this question we determined to which ethnicity group each respondent belongs. Ethnicity group determines the traditions, and after- the different moves in the Judaism, to which the religious women belong. For each ethnicity group there is different traditions regarding the usage of the wig. As seen in the table and the figure below, there is a large majority- 70% of Ashkenazi women, and 27% of Sephardic women. Which ethno religious group do you belong to? Frequency Ashkenazy Valid Sephardic Total Missing Total System 176 67 243 7 250 Percent 70 27 97 3 100 Table 3: the ethno religious groups of respondents
Figure 3: the ethno religious groups of respondents 30 • Question 4: In this question we found the breakdown of the different movements of Judaism regarding the women in Vienna. As seen in the table, there is a large majority of women that belong to the Chabad- 70%. Then, the Gur movement with only 8%, Lithaim- 6%, Reform- 5% and Others8%. Which movement do you belong to? Frequency Chabad Gur Valid Lithaim Reform Other Total Missing Total System 176 20 14 13 20 243 7 250 Percent 70 8 6 5 8 97 3 100 Table 4: To which movement the respondents belong Figure 4: To which movement the respondents belong 1 • Question 5 Comparison of total number of wigs owned and age of respondents. In the following table we compared the two variables, age and number of total wigs owned. The majority of women between ages 26-55 own 3-5 wigs (age 26-35: 11%; age 36-45: 30%; 4655: 10%). How many wigs do you own? What is your age? Count What is your age? 15-25 1-2 How many wigs do you own? 3-5 5+ Total 12% 0% 0% 12% 26-35 8% 11% 1% 21% 36-45 1% 30% 2% 33% 46-55 5% 10% 8% 32% 56-65 0% 0% 7% 7% 65+ 0% 0% 5% 5% 26% 51% 23% 100% Total Table 5: Comparison of age and number of total wigs owned
Figure 5: Comparison of age and number of total wigs owned 32 • Question 6 In the following question we compared the frequency of purchasing wigs and the net annual income in the family of the woman. 30% of women that have 20,000-29,000 euro annual income are purchasing a new wig once in 5 years (the majority of that segment), the majority of the group of 30,000- 39,000 euro income- 16%, is purchasing a new wig once in 2-5 years, and the majority of the group that has 40,000-49,000 euro income, as well as 50,000+ euro income purchases a new wig once a year (5% and 3%). How often do you purchase a new wig?
What is your net family annual income( in€) What is your net family annual income( in€) less that 10,000 10,00019,000 20,000 29,000 once a year How often do you purchase a new wig? once in 2-5 years once in 5 years+ Total % of Total 1% 24% 42% 21% 9% 3% 100% % of Total 1% 18% 30% 4% 0% 0% 54% % of Total % of Total 0% 0% 0% 1% 5% 3% 9% 30,00039,000 40,00049,000 50,000+ Total 0% 6% 12% 16% 3% 0% 37% Table 6: Comparison of frequency of purchasing wigs and net annual income 33 Figure 6: Comparison of frequency of purchasing wigs and net annual income Question 7: • In this table we measured the preference of wig colors.
The majority of the women prefer black (39%) and brown colors (35%), 16% prefer blond wigs, and a small percent of 4% prefer grey hair, and 2% for red hair. What color of a wig do you prefer? Frequency black brown Valid blond red grey Total Missing Total System 98 87 41 6 11 243 7 250 Percent 39 35 16 2 4 97 3 100 Table 7: Preference of wig color 34 Figure 7: Preference of wig color • Question 8: In this question we measured the percentage of respondents that prefer Asian or European hair. The majority (61%) prefers Asian hair, when 36% prefers European hair. Which type of hair do you prefer?
Frequency Asian Valid European Total Missing Total System 153 90 243 7 250 Percent 61 36 97 3 100 Table 8: Which hair type do you prefer? 35 Figure 8: Which hair type do you prefer? • Question 9: Here we determined the percentage of respondents that prefers factory made wigs or handmade wigs. The majority (62%) prefers handmade wigs, when 35% prefers factory made wigs. What types of wigs do you mostly own? Frequency handmade Valid factory made Total Missing Total System 155 88 243 7 250 Percent 62 35 97 3 100 Table 9: Preferable type of wig 36 Figure 9: Preferable type of wig • Question 10:
This table illustrates the preferable price of the everyday wig for the respondents. As seen, the majority of women are buying the wig for 401-600 euro (60%), 22% prefer to buy their wig for 250-400 euro, the small number of 6%, will pay 601-1500 euro, and 8% will pay 1501+. Average price of an everyday wig Frequency 250-400 401-600 Valid 601-1500 1501+ Total Missing Total System 56 151 16 20 243 7 250 Percent 22 60 6 8 97 3 100 Table 10: average price of everyday wig 37 Figure 10: average price of everyday wig • Question 11: This table illustrates the preferable price of the holiday wig for the respondents.
As seen in the table, the majority will pay 1001-2000 euro per one holiday wig (70%), 17% will pay 600-1000 eur0, and only 11% will pay 2001+ euro per wig. Average price of a holiday wig Frequency 600-1000 Valid 1001-2000 2001+ Total Missing Total System 42 174 27 243 7 250 Percent 17 70 11 97 3 100 Table 11: Average price of holiday wig 38 Figure 11: Average price of holiday wig • Question 12: This table illustrates where the majority of the respondents buy their wigs. There is almost equal deviation between the 3 stores (32%- Magic hair team; 38%- Michaela Nagler; 27%- Stupnig Keg), and only 1% are buying in E-shops.
Where did you buy these wigs? Frequency Magic hair team Michaela Nagler Valid Stupnig Keg E-shop Total Missing Total System 80 94 67 2 243 7 250 Percent 32 38 27 1 97 3 100 Table 12: place of wig purchase 39 Figure 12: place of wig purchase • Question 13: This table illustrates the amount of respondents that heard about our wig store. The majority, however, never heard about us (65%). Have you ever heard of our company? Frequency yes Valid no Total Missing Total System 81 162 243 7 250 Percent 32 65 97 3 100 Table 13: have you ever heard about our company? 40
Figure 13: have you ever heard about our company? • Question 14: In the following table, we analyzed the percentage of respondents that heard about our company, and from where they heard about us. The majority heard about us from word of mouth (56%), 49% heard about us from Jewish websites, and only 42% heard about us from Facebook. Heard Frequencies Responses N heard from facebook where did you hear about us a Percent of Cases 42% 56% 49% 146% Percent 30 40 35 105 29% 38% 33% 100% heard from word of mouth heard from Jewish website Total a. Dichotomy group tabulated at value 1.
Table 14: From where do you know our company? 41 • Question 15: In this question we analyzed whether the fact that our company is donating 10% from our income will influence the decision of purchase. The majority (36%- mostly yes; 33%- possibly) will be influenced of this fact, and only 5% will not be influenced at all. Will the fact that a company is donating tithe from every sold wig influence your Frequency not possibly Valid mostly yes yes Total Missing Total System 13 82 91 57 243 7 250 Percent 5 33 36 23 97 3 100 Table 15: Influence of the fact that the company is donating tithe from every sold wig
Figure 14: Influence of the fact that the company is donating tithe from every sold wig 42 • Question 16: In this question we analyzed the net annual income of the respondents. The majority (41%) have 20,000-29,000 euro income, 24% have 10,000-19,000 euro, and only 1% has less than 10,000 euro income. What is your net family annual income( in€) Frequency less that 10,000 10,000- 19,000 20,000- 29,000 Valid 30,000- 39,000 40,000- 49,000 50,000+ Total Missing Total System 3 59 102 50 22 7 243 7 250 Percent 1 24 41 20 9 3 97 3 100 Table 16: net annual income (euro) Figure 15: net annual income (euro) 3 • Question 17: In this question we analyzed the importance of several factors that concern customer preference about wigs. Descriptive Statistics N I would expect my new wig with a low price I would expect my new wig to be handmade I would expect my new wig to be made in europe I would expect my new wig to be made out of Asian I would expect my new wig to have a guarantee I would expect my new wig to be of bright colours I would expect my new wig to be made out of natural matrial only Valid N (listwise) 243 243 1. 8724 1. 13735 243 3. 9712 1. 33423 243 1. 5638 . 70348 243 2. 473 1. 91364 243 2. 8765 . 68724 243 2. 0576 1. 29716 243 Mean 2. 0658 Std. Deviation 1. 08511 Table 17: customer preference about wigs 44 Figure 16: customer preference about wigs 45 5. Conclusion and recommendations After conducting the secondary and primary research we got to know that a place to a new wig distributor in Vienna can be found. We found out that there is a demand for product in the form we want to sell, and the service we want to provide. During the secondary research we were exposed to the competition that already exists in the market, but in order to have to have competitive advantage we will provide ‘buy and stay’ service, which will fill in the lack of security our customers have. In addition we came to know what are the exact preferences of our target group with the help of quantitative and qualitative analysis, which type of hair, length, color and style are in demand. With the help of the focus group we conducted, we understood the psychology of these women and underlying reasons for their consumer behavior. This will help us to market our product successfully, providing all the services related to it, and to communicate our company effectively.
Moreover, we found Vienna as the representative capital city amongst big cities in Europe. Our research indicates that we can penetrate the Viennese wig market successfully, therefore we predict approximately the same level of demand in other major European cities. We can expect the growth of our company in Europe within 5-7 years. As a recommendation, it is required to make a further research on wig demand amongst cancer ill patients and wealthy people as part of our initial target markets. 46 6. Appendix 6. 1. Survey sample in English Questionnaire Nr. _______
Wigs demand questionnaire Interviewer: Please read all questions to the respondent as they appear on the questionnaire. Only read the bold text. Interviewer instructions are in italics. Circle the figure corresponds to the respondent’s answer choice. Example : 2 Int. : Introduce yourself to the respondent. Mention that you are a business student conducting a survey as a part of marketing research class. Briefly inform the respondent that this survey is about a wig demand. At the beginning, may I ask you a few questions to determine if you are among the persons ho I am supposed to interview? 1. Do you live in Vienna? RESIDENCE If NO thank respondent and terminate interview. 2. What is your age? 15-? 25………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 1 AGE 26-? 35……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2 36-? 45……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3 46-? 5……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4 56-? 65……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 65+…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 3. Which ethno religious group do you belong to? Ashkenazi………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1
ETHNICITY Sephardic………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 4. Which movement do you belong to? Chabad……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 CHA Gur……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………….. 1 GUR Litaim……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1 LIT
Reform……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 REF Other………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 OTH 47 5. Have you ever used a wig? Yes………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1a? Q 7 USAGE No…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2 a?
Q 6 6. Why not? Record the first response REASON a? Q 21 7. Do you own a wig? Yes……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 1 a? Q 9 OWNERSHIP No………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2 a? Q 8 8. Why not? Record the first response REASON 9. How many wigs do you own? 1-? 2……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 1 TOTAL
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