SCI250 Week 6 Chapter 21 Respiratory System Quiz

 

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SCI250 Week 6 Chapter 21 Respiratory System Quiz

 

 

 

 

 

Section: Matching

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Catarrhal stage with fever, sneezing, vomiting, and mild cough; paroxysmal stage with ropy mucus and

 

 

 

violent cough; convalescent stage with mild cough

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

· Tuberculosis

 

· Influenza

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Inflammation of bronchi or alveoli of lungs with fluid accumulation and fever

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

· Tuberculosis

 

· Influenza

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Inflammation of the lungs, fever, chills, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, and fluid in lungs

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary disease

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Tubercles in lungs and sometimes in other tissues; organisms can persist in walled-off lesions and be

 

 

 

reactivated

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5. Viruses subject to antigenic variation, with new strains causing epidemics; inflammation of oropharyngeal

 

 

 

membranes, fever, malaise, muscle pain, cough, nasal discharge, and gastroenteritis

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6. Febrile disease of the respiratory tract; can cause viral pneumonia

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7. Fever, kidney abnormalities; in severe cases shock, bleeding, and pulmonary edema

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Mild cough and nasal discharge; can cause viral pneumonia

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9. Granulomatous lesions in lungs and spleen in susceptible individuals; can cause pneumonia

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Apsergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10. Usually a mild pulmonary disease; pneumonia and dissemination to meninges can occur

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11. Allergic asthmatic response to inhalation of spores or invasive infection of lung; fungal balls can cause

 

 

 

asphyxiation

 

 

 

 

 

· Whooping cough

 

 

 

· Classic pneumonia

 

 

 

· Legionnaires’ disease

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Influenza

 

 

 

· Respiratory syncytial virus infection

 

 

 

· Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

 

 

 

· Acute respiratory disease

 

 

 

· Histoplasmosis

 

 

 

· Cryptococcosis

 

 

 

· Aspergillosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section: Multiple Choice

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12. Which of the following is NOT a nonspecific defense mechanism associated with the respiratory tract?

 

 

 

 

 

· Epiglottis

 

 

 

· Mucus

 

 

 

· Mucociliary escalator

 

 

 

· Phagocytes

 

 

 

· None of the above

 

 

 

 

 

13. To cause disease, Corynebacterium diptheriae must ________

 

 

 

· produce a hemolysin.

 

 

 

· create a pseudomembrance.

 

· be infected with a lysogenic, toxin-producing bacteriophage.

 

 

 

· invade the bloodstream.

 

 

 

· become club-shaped.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14. The majority of patients with sore throats have a viral infection of the pharynx.

 

 

 

 

 

· True

 

 

 

· False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15. Which of the following respiratory infections CANNOT be treated with antimicrobial drugs?

 

 

 

 

 

· Atypical pneumonia

 

 

 

· Q Fever

 

 

 

· Otitis media

 

 

 

· Common cold

 

 

 

· Tuberculosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16. Development of a vaccine against rhinoviruses is difficult because ________

 

 

 

 

 

· they are resistant to antibiotics.

 

 

 

· they are resistant to low pH.

 

 

 

· there are many different, antigenically diverse strains.

 

 

 

· rhinoviruses are resistant to immune system defenses.

 

 

 

· rhinoviruses replicate at a very high rate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17. Which of the following is true of croup?

 

 

 

 

 

· Croup causes severe obstruction of the larynx.

 

 

 

· Croup causes an inflamed and enlarged epiglottis.

 

 

 

· Croup is a parainfluenza virus.

 

 

 

· Croup is a childhood disease.

 

 

 

· All of the above

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18. Cyanosis is caused when ________

 

 

 

 

 

· there is too little oxygen in the blood.

 

 

 

· a patient has become septicemic.

 

 

 

· dehydration occurs.

 

 

 

· diptheria toxin enters the bloodstream.

 

 

 

· coughing causes hemorrhaging.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19. What is a treatment of choice for whooping cough?

 

· Tetracycline

 

 

 

· Penicillin

 

 

 

· Antitoxin and erythromycin

 

 

 

· Chloramphenicol

 

 

 

· Live, attenuated Bordetella pertussis

 

 

 

 

 

20. Penicillins have no effect on Mycoplasma pneumoniae because ________

 

 

 

· mycoplasmas are viruses.

 

 

 

· mycoplasmas possess beta lactamases.

 

 

 

· mycoplasmas are too small.

 

 

 

· mycoplasmas are eukaryotes.

 

 

 

· mycoplasmas lack cell walls.

 

 

 

 

 

21. Legionella pneumophila is usually transmitted by ________

 

 

 

· direct contact.

 

 

 

· fomites.

 

 

 

· food.

 

 

 

· blood.

 

 

 

· aerosols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22. How many cases of tuberculosis are reported globally each year?

 

 

 

 

 

· 10

 

 

 

· 10,000

 

 

 

· 100,000

 

 

 

· 3 million

 

 

 

· 10 million

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23. Mycobacteria are difficult to Gram stain, and are termed “acid-fast” due to their ________

 

 

 

 

 

· ability to survive in acidic conditions.

 

 

 

· resistance to drying.

 

 

 

· thick, waxy cell walls.

 

 

 

· resistance to sunlight.

 

 

 

· lack of a peptidoglycan layer.

 

 

 

24. Pathogenic mycobacteria, unlike most bacteria have a generation time of ________

 

 

 

 

 

· 12-18 minutes.

 

 

 

· 20-30 minutes.

 

 

 

· 12-18 hours.

 

 

 

· 20-30 hours.

 

 

 

· 6-8 weeks.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25. Clinical symptoms of tuberculosis primarily result from ________

 

 

 

 

 

· host inflammatory response.

 

 

 

· mycotoxins.

 

 

 

· endotoxin.

 

 

 

· mucus production.

 

 

 

· exotoxin.

 

 

 

 

 

26. Which of the following is NOT true of Mycobacterium tuberculosis?

 

 

 

· It can remain viable in dried sputum for 6 to 8 months.

 

 

 

· It is highly resistant to direct sunlight.

 

 

 

· It can grow inside macrophages.

 

 

 

· It can cause disease many years after initial infection.

 

 

 

· It can transmit by inhalation of respiratory secretions or dried sputum.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27. What is the DPT immunization for?

 

 

 

 

 

· Diptheria, parainfluenza, tetanus

 

 

 

· Dermatomycoses, Pontiac fever, tuberculosis

 

 

 

· Diptheria, pertussis, tetanus

 

 

 

· Dermatomycoses, pertussis, tetanus

 

 

 

· Diptheria, pneumonia, tetanus

 

 

 

 

 

28. Some strains of Legionella pneumophila live as endosymbionts of many amoebas in moist environments.

 

 

 

· True

 

 

 

· False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is ________

 

 

 

 

 

· associated with inhalation of dried feces and urine of carrier rodents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

· a syndrome that has only been reported in Africa and Latin America.

 

 

 

· transmitted by the bite of a rodent carrying the virus.

 

 

 

· attributed to rats but not mice.

 

 

 

· preventable by vaccination.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Section: Matching

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30. Causes primary atypical pneumonia

 

 

 

 

 

· Corynebacterium diphtheria

 

 

 

· Streptococcus pneumoniae

 

 

 

· Mycoplasma pneumoniae

 

 

 

· Histoplasma capsulatum

 

 

 

· Cryptococcus neoformans

 

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SCI 250 v3 appendix C
http://www.homeworkmarket.com/content/sci-250-v3-appendix-c

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